Emergent Vegetation Control
What is Emergent Vegetation?
There are a number of different aquatic plants that can be categorized as an emergent plant species. These plants tend to grow right along the shoreline and out into the shallow areas around the pond. In northern Illinois, the most commonly seen emergent plants are Cattails, Phragmites, Bulrush, Spike rush, Arrow head, Pickerel weed. Some of these plants are extremely invasive, meaning they will out compete all surrounding plant life for resources. Cattails and Phragmites are the most invasive plants in this group, and will expand their territory each season if left unaddressed.
Cattails and Phragmites have the potential to rapidly expand down shorelines and into the water body. Other plants like Lilies and Water Primrose also reproduce and expand quickly. Some small patches are visually appealing however it is important to monitor the growth to ensure control measures are put in place.
While it is important to monitor and control the growth of cattails and phragmites, other emergent plants like Bullrush or Arrowhead are very beneficial as they act as a buffer zone taking in nutrients before they're washed into the water and help hold together the shoreline's structure. Furthermore it is possible to create a shoreline garden of natural vegetation for an aesthetic feature.